Creating a literate environment for a child in home is quite important, because the parents are the first teacher of a child even before sending him/her to the school. But what is a literate home and how one can create it at ease? So, basically a literate home is the literate surrounding in which the child resides. A child always learn things from his/her parents, like poems, reciting alphabets etc, these things are initialy taught to a child by his/her parents even before sending them to a school. Not only academics but also the morals values comes under a literate environment. The literate home for this age child only needs a few inexpensive materials, but parent involvement is key. Your young child or kindergartner continues to build his/her language base (understanding and using language) in preparation for learning to read, so she still benefits from lots of talk with adults that helps her learn new words.
Young children and kindergartners are beginning to figure out how the written word works, and they are starting to use reading and writing in their daily lives. At this age, having a wide variety of books and writing materials available is crucial. Also expensive materials is not required, but what is important is that, parents should communicates with them, involved them in some productive works. So, this can also be done by a middle class family which does not have much resources to spent on these stuffs. As, it requires time and efforts not money which can be contributed by every section of the society, be it economically weak or strong. Certain things which are needed by parents are-
For young children, nursery rhymes, ABC books, informational books and storybooks are most appropriate. Kindergartners will enjoy longer stories or chapter books, and some will be able to read very easy books by themselves by the end of the year. You can look for bargain children’s books at used bookstores and yard sales, or purchase books at great prices through monthly book clubs offered through child care centers or schools.
Young children and kindergartners learn to identify the letters. In your home, it is important to have a number of types of letters that your child can move around. Alphabet blocks, foam letters for the bathtub, ABC puzzles, magnetic refrigerator letters, ABC cookie cutters, letter stamps and letter stickers are all ideal materials for children this age.
READING AND WRITING MATERIALS FOR PARENTS:
When children’s see the adults around them using reading and writing in their everyday lives, they’re more likely to become readers and writers themselves. Simply having a bookshelf full of books, reading the local newspaper, and having a notepad on which you write grocery lists and phone messages shows your child that reading and writing serve valuable everyday purposes.
PROPS FOR PRETEND PLAY:
Props such as dress-up clothes and play dishes encourage your young child or kindergartner to pretend, and pretend play actually contributes to literacy skills. Make props for pretend play from materials you already have at home. Empty cereal boxes, mom’s old necklaces and an old pot and wooden spoon make ideal items for countless make-believe scenarios.
Videos can help your young child or kindergartner learn basic concepts and information. They are also another way to expose your child to quality children’s literature. For children this age, concept videos such as ABCs or rhyming are appropriate, while young children and kindergartners will also enjoy watching videos of familiar books.
What one can do as a parent in this situations are being given below:
Organize a book shelf for your child’s collection: A sturdy bookshelf located in an area accessible to your child is ideal. This way, he can reach books and use them without asking your permission. Having a special place for his books will demonstrate to your child that books are valuable.
Set up a writing area for your child: Having all of her materials in one accessible spot will encourage your young child or kindergartner to write. Having a special writing box or even a writing table or desk will help your child to see writing as an important activity.
Talk together about things that interest your child: Ask genuine questions, ones to which you do not already know the answer. Ask questions that help children think about why and how and not just what. When you talk, be sure to listen to your child’s response and build upon what he has to say.
Be a reader and writer yourself: One of the most effective ways to help children become readers and writers is to show them through your own example that you value literacy and that reading and writing have useful purposes. Make sure that you have a variety of printed and writing materials in your house that you use them on a regular basis, and that you talk to your child about what you are doing when you read and write.
Incorporate literacy into outings: Visit your local library, bookmobile or bookstore to find new read-aloud ideas for your child. Many libraries feature free song and story hours that young children and kindergartners may enjoy.
Listen to your child “read”: By the end of kindergarten, most children will be able to “read” some very easy books aloud by relying mostly on the pictures and their memory of the story. Make sure to set aside some of your read-aloud time to listen to your child read as soon as he is ready. Avoid pushing your child to do this until he shows interest, however.
Introduce new vocabulary words when you talk with your child: When you use a new word, make sure to explain its meaning to your child and encourage your young child or kindergartner to ask when she does not know the meaning of a word.